Top Experts Gather in Nairobi, Kenya to Plan Campaign on Climate Threat to Global Hunger and Poverty
As Agriculture Fights for Recognition in Climate Talks, Researchers Warn Shifting Weather Patterns Are Poised to Depress Crop Yields in Poorest Regions, Leaving Millions at Risk of Increased Hunger and Poverty
Leading agriculture and climate scientists, policymakers, farmers, and development experts from around the world will gather in Nairobi on May 4 to focus on the threat of climate change to the global food supply. If not dealt with, climate change could imperil efforts to reduce poverty and hunger and threaten the stability of entire nations as farmers struggle in hotter and more uncertain conditions to feed a population set to reach 9 billion people by 2050.
The Conference on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security comes in the wake of talks in Copenhagen last December, where high-level recognition of the link between climate change and food security was reinforced, and less than a month before negotiators reconvene in Bonn, Germany to continue discussions to reach consensus on a new global agreement for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to their impacts. African leaders have been particularly frustrated by the failure of negotiators to give adequate attention to the food security-climate change connection and have joined other developing country officials in declaring: â€œno agriculture, no agreement.
The Conference is jointly convened by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) and the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP). It is linked to a rapidly emerging research program led by the CGIAR in partnership with ESSP that seeks to provide farmers and policy makers with the means to support sustainable food production in a world where climate change could radically alter agriculture ecosystems and where farmers will be under pressure to simultaneously increase yields and reduce carbon emissions.
A study by the CGIARâ€™s International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) warns that in Africa alone, over the next four decades higher temperatures and more frequent droughts could depress wheat yields by over 30 percent, rice by 15 percent, and maize by 10 percent. Yet the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has projected that over this same period food production globally must increase by 70 percent to feed a population expected to reach 9.1 billion people. IFPRI found that neutralizing the effects of climate change on productivity requires investing at least $7 billion per year on research, irrigation, and rural roads.
The purpose of this announcement is to notify interested members of the public of the opportunity to submit comments to the draft fifth National Communication on U.S. climate change actions for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In June 1992, the United States signed, and later ratified, the UNFCCC. Pursuant to the national communication reporting requirements under Articles 4.2 and 12 of the Convention and to guidelines later adopted by the UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP), the United States submitted the first U.S. Climate Action Report (CAR) to the UNFCCC Secretariat in 1994, and subsequent reports in 1997, 2002, and 2006. The U.S. Government has prepared an initial draft of the Fifth National Communication for public review (view past U.S. National Communications). This report reflects the U.S. Government commitment to the UNFCCC to transparently communicate U.S. actions and policies addressing climate change. See SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION for instructions on accessing the electronic version of the report, file format requirements for submitting comments, and other information about electronic filing.
Due date: The agency must receive comments on or before noon, May 6th, 2010.
How to submit comments:
Via email: Comments should be submitted via e-mail to CAR5@state.gov. Submit comments as an ASCII or word file avoiding the use of special characters and any form of encryption. Identify all comments and data in electronic form by the docket number [DOS-2010-0103-0001].
Via postal mail to: CAR5 Comments, Department of State, Office of Global Change, Harry S. Truman Building, Room 2480, 2201 C Street, NW., Washington, DC 20520
Via fax to: (202) 647-0191.
Comments will be due within 28 days of publication date. Persons with access to the Internet may also view and comment on this notice by going to the U.S. Government Regulations.Gov web site at http://www.regulations.gov/.
For further information contact: Mr. Eric J. Maltzer, Office of Global Change, U.S. Department of State at (202) 647-6740.
Supplementary Information: The draft Fifth CAR provides a detailed report on U.S. actions to address climate change. This report contains descriptions of specific measured and verified actions, outlines of broad policy initiatives, and summaries of activities conducted by the U.S. since the fourth CAR, principally at the federal level. It also explains U.S. Government efforts to increase scientific understanding
of climate change, and provide foreign assistance to help other nations mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change.
Major global change conference focusing on solutions announced
The UK has successfully bid to host a major international science conference in 2012. The London conference, Planet Under Pressure: new knowledge, new solutions, aims to attract 2500 of the world's leading thinkers on global-change research.
The four-day conference is sponsored by the International Council for Science's (ICSU) global environmental change research programmes. It will bring together natural, physical and social scientists, together with economists. It will also involve engineers, health specialists and many others disciplines, plus with national and international policymakers, industry representatives, technologists, NGOs and development experts.
The event, provisionally booked for 7-10 May 2012, will take place prior to the next UN Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, also scheduled for that year. Presenting the latest research findings, the London conference is anticipated to provide a solid scientific foundation for the summit.
The conference has been initiated by ICSU's International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). IGBP Executive Director, Professor Sybil Seitzinger says, "We need a planetary conference focusing on solutions."
"We need to set research priorities that fully integrate diverse groups of people. We need to communicate a comprehensive picture of the state of the planet and its future to the institutions charged with global environmental stewardship. We will work with these institutions to help develop a planetary management approach that tackles all the challenges in a truly integrated way," she added.
An overarching aim of the conference will be to discuss solutions to two challenges: what will it take to make food, energy and water accessible to nine billion people in a way that is sustainable? And, what inevitable environmental changes must we prepare for?
In the UK, the conference will be hosted by the Royal Society, the Living With Environmental Change programme (LWEC, which represents all the UK's main agencies and government departments tackling environmental change) and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), the UK's largest funder of environmental science.
Professor Lorna Casselton, Foreign Secretary and Vice-President of the Royal Society, said: "It is a tribute to the quality of UK science that London has been chosen as a venue for the conference. The Royal Society is dedicated to building international links within the science community and is therefore delighted to be hosting an event that will bring together such a wide range of specialists from around the globe to address many of the big challenges of our time."
Director of Living with Environmental Change, Professor Andrew Watkinson, said, "An overarching aim of the conference will be to discuss solutions to the environmental challenges we face. We need to find ways to increase the speed with which we move to a low carbon society and ensure food, water and energy security for the billions of people across the globe in a changing world. The Living with Environmental Change partners are already addressing these critical issues, so I am very pleased that we are co-hosting the 2012 conference, which I am sure will become a catalyst for more innovative research collaborations to address the needs of society."
The conference follows the influential 2001 Amsterdam Open Science Conference. That conference led to the Amsterdam Declaration, a defining moment in the development of Earth system science and indeed the launch of the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP). The declaration acknowledges the Earth as a single system comprised of physical, chemical, biological and human - or socioeconomic - components. It stated that the accelerating human transformation of the Earth's environment is not sustainable and it led to new approaches to delivering global environmental science.
Since the 2001 conference, new science has emerged about the scale, speed and unprecedented nature of environmental change caused by growing human demands. By 2012, the scientific community wants to be working more closely with governments, international policymakers, industry and society at large to address these challenges. The conference will offer an important forum to consolidate these relationships and discuss the future.
DIVERSITAS (an international biodiversity programme), the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP) and the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP).
The four Programmes form the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP).
2. The Royal Society is an independent academy promoting the natural and applied sciences. Founded in 1660, the Society has three roles, as the UK academy of science, as a learned Society, and as a funding agency. It responds to individual demand with selection by merit, not by field. As we celebrate our 350th anniversary in 2010, we are working to achieve five strategic priorities, to:
Invest in future scientific leaders and in innovation
Influence policymaking with the best scientific advice
Invigorate science and mathematics education
Increase access to the best science internationally
Inspire an interest in the joy, wonder and excitement of scientific discovery
3. The Living with Environmental Change programme is a partnership of 20 UK organisations that fund, carry out and use environmental research, including the Research Councils, government departments, devolved administrations and delivery agencies. For more details of the partner organisations and accredited activities, see www.lwec.org.uk
4. The Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) is the UK's main agency for funding and managing world-class research, training and knowledge exchange in the environmental sciences. It coordinates some of the world's most exciting research projects, tackling major issues such as climate change, environmental influences on human health, the genetic make-up of life on earth, and much more. NERC science is delivered under seven themes, namely Climate system; Biodiversity; Sustainable use of natural resources; Earth system science; Natural hazards; Environment, pollution and human health; and Technologies. www.nerc.ac.uk
The Climate Variability and Predictability (CLIVAR) project is one of four core projects of the WCRP. CLIVAR coordinates and facilitates national and international activities that contribute to our understanding and prediction of climate variability and change on seasonal, decadal and centennial timescales. The Director of the Project Office takes a leading role in the development and implementation ofÂ CLIVARÂ under the general guidance of theÂ CLIVARÂ Scientific Steering Group.
The successful applicant will provide science and administrative leadership of the ICPO and of the CLIVAR programme. Your role will be to oversee and manage the implementation of the plans and activities of each of the project elements of CLIVAR in support of the overall mission and strategy of WCRP. You will maintain active links betweenÂ CLIVARÂ and the wider science community stimulating and organizing scientific meetings, workshops and conferences and ensuring the timely flow of information onÂ CLIVAR. You will be responsible for the management of the Project Office staff budget and operations and for maintaining and developing its funding base.
You will have a Ph.D or equivalent in a relevant field and considerable experience of working in climate-science. A proven ability in science management including winning external funding is essential and you should have demonstrated the ability to conceive, organize and manage interdisciplinary and international science activities and initiate and sustain international cooperation.
This post is currently funded by Natural Environment Research Council to 31st March 2013 and the salary is in the range of Â£47,630 to Â£60,420 per annum. Benefits include RCUK pension scheme and up 30 days leave and 10â€¢ public/privilege days. The role will include periods of travel both within the UK and internationally.
Enquiries regardingÂ CLIVARÂ and its international role should be made to Dr Howard Cattle on +44 (0)23 8059 6208; email email@example.com
For further information on this position and to download an application pack, please visit http://www.oceanography.ac.uk/jobs or alternatively contact Lorraine Taylor, Human Resources, NOC, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH (Telephone +44 (0)23 8059 6604 or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org) for an application pack.
The closing date for completed applications is 18 April 2010 (updated 30 March 2010).Â
Please quote reference number NOCS 119/10 on all correspondence.
A better understanding of the behavior of the climate system and its interactions with other Earth system components is critical to predict its future evolution, reduce vulnerability to high impact weather and climate events, and sustain life. â€¨This need is perhaps greater than ever before given that humans have emerged as the dominant agent of future change. â€¨Progress will require, moreover, an increasingly holistic approach across scientific disciplines, as well as an unprecedented commitment to the development of a diverse and talented future workforce.
To advance its attack on such challenges, the WCRP will assemble for the first time ever its entire research community, and engage other key international research programmes, in a major Open Science Conference (OSC) in October 2011. â€¨Through a unique synthesis of presented research findings, the OSC will assess our current state of knowledge on climate variability and change, identify the most urgent scientific issues and research challenges, and ascertain how the WCRP can best facilitate research and develop partnerships critical for progress.
By entraining as many young scientists and students as possible from across the world, including less-developed and developing countries, the OSC will facilitate growth of the diverse future workforce needed to meet the increasingly complex scientific challenges of the future.
2.to determine the effect of human activities on climateâ€¨â€¨...to facilitate analysis and prediction of Earth system variability and change for use in an increasing range of practical applications of direct relevance, benefit and value to society.
To achieve its objectives, the WCRP adopts a multi-disciplinary approach, organizes large-scale observational and modelling projects and facilitates focus on aspects of climate too large and complex to be addressed by any one nation or single scientific discipline.
Today, the WCRP encompasses studies of the global atmosphere, oceans, sea- and land-ice, the biosphere and the land surface, which together constitute the Earth's climate system. The four major core projects, diverse working groups, various cross-cutting activities and many co-sponsored activities of the WCRP are designed to improve scientific understanding and knowledge of processes that in turn result in better forecasts and hence benefits to users of climate research (see 'Activities & Projects').