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Overview NOAA, USGS, and USACE are working together to help the country prepare for and manage the impacts of changing weather and climate patterns, particularly with regard to extreme events like hurricanes, floods, and drought. Before, during, and after coastal storm events, USGS assesses the likelihood of beach erosion, overwash, or inundation, and provides information to NOAA on associated coastal vulnerability and change. USGS also measures storm surge and conducts real-time monitoring of inland rivers and streams. NOAA’s National Weather Service relies on timely and accurate USGS data to...
Extreme Events Mitigation
Overview Climate and Earth system modeling supported by USGCRP agencies such as DOE, NASA, NOAA, NSF, and others was foundational to the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) on the scientific basis for climate-change, released in 2013. Along with international partners, Federal and Federally supported modeling centers contributed to Phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5), a critically important information source for AR5 that focused on simulations of 20th and 21st century climate. Research and Societally Relevant Outcomes Modeling efforts like CMIP5 significantly advance...
Modeling
Overview Hurricane Sandy hit the northeastern United States in October 2012 and was the deadliest hurricane of the season, as well as the second costliest hurricane in U.S. history. Such extreme coastal flooding events are expected to become more frequent as a result of climate change-related sea-level rise. A Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force was created to provide consistent, clear, accessible information for decision makers involved in recovery and rebuilding efforts. As part of this effort, an ad-hoc working group of several Federal entities including the Federal Emergency Management...
Coasts Extreme Events Human Health
Overview The 2011–2012 U.S. drought was the most severe and extensive in at least 25 years, and the effects are still being felt in some areas of the Nation. Recently, USDA partnered with local governments, colleges, and state and Federal partners— including NOAA and FEMA—to conduct a series of regional drought workshops. Hundreds of farmers, ranchers, business owners, and other stakeholders met with government officials to discuss needs and available programs. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack kicked off the first meeting in Nebraska, and additional meetings were held in Colorado, Arkansas...
Extreme Events Water Resources
Overview A series of Earth observation missions planned by NASA and partners for FY 2014 will contribute fundamentally to advancing our understanding of global change. Such missions are foundational to USGCRP research and are made possible by a sustained Program emphasis in instrumentation development. The planned FY 2014 missions are described below. Research and Societally Relevant Outcomes The Total solar irradiance Calibration Transfer Experiment (TCTE), funded by DOC’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and launched aboard a DOD satellite, will use modified residual...
Observations Modeling
Overview A number of USGCRP agencies such as NSF, DOE, NOAA, NASA, USGS, and SI are investing in understanding the history of Earth’s climate, known as “paleoclimate.” Paleoclimate data extend records of climate and the environment beyond the time period for which we have instrumental measurements. Studying paleoclimate not only answers questions about what Earth was like in the past, but also provides critical context for the climate changes that we are experiencing today, and informs our understanding of how climate is likely to change in the future. A few examples of USGCRP agencies’...
Modeling
Goal 1 – Advance Science: Advance scientific knowledge of the integrated natural and human components of the Earth system. Goal 2 – Inform Decisions: Provide the scientific basis to inform and enable timely decisions on adaptation and mitigation. Goal 3 – Conduct Sustained Assessments: Build sustained assessment capacity that improves the Nation’s ability to understand, anticipate, and respond to global change impacts and vulnerabilities. Goal 4 – Communicate and Educate: Advance communication and education to broaden public understanding of global change and develop the scientific workforce...
Adaptation Mitigation
Vision – A Nation, globally engaged and guided by science, meeting the challenges of climate and global change. Mission – To build a knowledge base that informs human responses to climate and global change through coordinated and integrated Federal pro- grams of research, education, communication, and decision support.
Adaptation Physical Climate